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Creating Physical Standby Database With RMAN Duplicate From ActiveDatabase

Written By Srikrishna Murthy Annam on Friday, December 30, 2011 | 12:15 PM

Setup:

Primary Site
Standby Site
Hostname
dgaskmpri01
dgaskmsby01
Database Name
orcl
orcl
Database Unique Name
orcl
sbyorcl
Net Service Name
orcl
sbyorcl

In this article, I will explain the step by step procedure to create a physical standby database using RMAN duplicate command without shutting down the primary database and using primary active database files. There is no need to take any database backups. This is new feature available in 11g database.
Primary Site Preparation :
1.      Enable Database Force Logging
2.      Create SRL (Standby Redo Logs)
3.      Modify Init.ora parameters
4.      Enable Archiving
5.      Create a init.ora file for Standby Database ( Optional )
6.      Configure listener.ora and tnsnames.ora
7.      Copy init.ora and password  files to Standby Server

Standby Site Preparation :
1.      Create a remote login password file ( if it is not copied from primary site )
2.      Create a directory structure
3.      Modify the init.ora parameter file (Optional)
4.      Configure listener.ora and tnsnames.ora
5.      Verify connectivity

Creating Physical Standby Database :
1.      Create Physical Standby Using RMAN Duplication From Active Database (New in 11g)
2.      Keep it in recovery

Verifications

Primary Site Preparation :
1.      Enable Database Force Logging:

SQL>  select FORCE_LOGGING from v$database;
SQL> ALTER DATABASE FORCE LOGGING;

2.      Create SRL ( Standby Redo Logs):
You need to create SRL with the same size or greater size as of the online redo logs and also the number of SRLs should be one greater than the online redologs.

SQL> select name,user from v$database;
NAME      USER
--------- ------------------------------
ORCL      SYS
SQL> col group# for 9999
SQL> col member for a50
SQL> set linesize 120
SQL> select name,user from v$database;
NAME      USER
--------- ------------------------------
ORCL      SYS
SQL> select GROUP#,THREAD#,MEMBERS,BYTES FROM V$LOG;
GROUP#    THREAD#    MEMBERS      BYTES
------ ---------- ---------- ----------
     1          1          1   52428800
     2          1          1   52428800
     3          1          1   52428800
SQL> select group#,member from v$logfile;
GROUP# MEMBER
------ --------------------------------------------------
     3 /home/oracle/app/oracle/oradata/orcl/redo03.log
     2 /home/oracle/app/oracle/oradata/orcl/redo02.log
     1 /home/oracle/app/oracle/oradata/orcl/redo01.log
SQL> SELECT GROUP#, BYTES FROM V$STANDBY_LOG;
no rows selected
SQL> ALTER DATABASE ADD STANDBY LOGFILE ('/home/oracle/app/oracle/oradata/orcl/s_redo01.log') SIZE 52428800;
Database altered.
SQL> ALTER DATABASE ADD STANDBY LOGFILE ('/home/oracle/app/oracle/oradata/orcl/s_redo02.log') SIZE 52428800;
Database altered.
SQL> SELECT GROUP#, BYTES FROM V$STANDBY_LOG;
GROUP#      BYTES
------ ----------
     4   52428800
     5   52428800
SQL> ALTER DATABASE ADD STANDBY LOGFILE ('/home/oracle/app/oracle/oradata/orcl/s_redo03.log') SIZE 52428800;
Database altered.
SQL> ALTER DATABASE ADD STANDBY LOGFILE ('/home/oracle/app/oracle/oradata/orcl/s_redo04.log') SIZE 52428800;
Database altered.
SQL> SELECT GROUP#, BYTES FROM V$STANDBY_LOG;
GROUP#      BYTES
------ ----------
     4   52428800
     5   52428800
     6   52428800
     7   52428800
SQL>

3.      Modify the init.ora parameters:

Modify the init.ora parameters on the primary database side to reflect the following values. If you are using spfile, you can add these parameter online without shutting down the primary database.

DB_NAME=orcl
DB_UNIQUE_NAME=orcl
LOG_ARCHIVE_CONFIG='DG_CONFIG=(orcl,sbyorcl)'
LOG_ARCHIVE_DEST_1='LOCATION=/home/oracle/app/oracle/flash_recovery_area/orcl/ VALID_FOR=(ALL_LOGFILES,ALL_ROLES) DB_UNIQUE_NAME=orcl'
LOG_ARCHIVE_DEST_2='SERVICE=sbyorcl ASYNC VALID_FOR=(ONLINE_LOGFILES,PRIMARY_ROLE) DB_UNIQUE_NAME=sbyorcl'
LOG_ARCHIVE_DEST_STATE_1=ENABLE
LOG_ARCHIVE_DEST_STATE_2=ENABLE
REMOTE_LOGIN_PASSWORDFILE=EXCLUSIVE
LOG_ARCHIVE_FORMAT=%t_%s_%r.arc
LOG_ARCHIVE_MAX_PROCESSES=30
FAL_SERVER=sbyorcl
DB_FILE_NAME_CONVERT='sbyorcl','orcl'
LOG_FILE_NAME_CONVERT='/home/oracle/app/oracle/flash_recovery_area/sbyorcl/','/home/oracle/app/oracle/flash_recovery_area/orcl/'
STANDBY_FILE_MANAGEMENT=AUTO

4.      Enable Archiving :
Make sure that your database is running in archive log mode. Because in a physical standby setup all the redologs generated on the primary database will be transferred to standby site and applied to the standby database.

SQL> shut immediate
Database closed.
Database dismounted.
ORACLE instance shut down.
SQL> STARTUP MOUNT;
ORACLE instance started.

Total System Global Area  456146944 bytes
Fixed Size                  1344840 bytes
Variable Size             381684408 bytes
Database Buffers           67108864 bytes
Redo Buffers                6008832 bytes
Database mounted.
SQL> ALTER DATABASE ARCHIVELOG;

Database altered.

SQL> ALTER DATABASE OPEN;

Database altered.

SQL> archive log list
Database log mode              Archive Mode
Automatic archival             Enabled
Archive destination            /home/oracle/app/oracle/flash_recovery_area/orcl/
Oldest online log sequence     360
Next log sequence to archive   362
Current log sequence           362
SQL>
  
    

5.      Create a init.ora file for Standby Database: ( Optional)
We can specify the required init.ora parameter when using RMAN duplication command and  need not create a separate init.ora parmeter file.

SQL> CREATE PFILE='/tmp/askm/initsbyorcl.ora' FROM SPFILE;

File created.

6.      Configure listener.ora and tnsnames.ora:

[oracle@dgaskmpri01 admin]$ cat listener.ora
LISTENER_PRI =
  (DESCRIPTION_LIST =
    (DESCRIPTION =
      (ADDRESS = (PROTOCOL = IPC)(KEY = EXTPROC1525))
    )
    (DESCRIPTION =
      (ADDRESS = (PROTOCOL = TCP)(HOST = dgaskmpri01.localdomain)(PORT = 1525))
    )
  )

SID_LIST_LISTENER_PRI =
  (SID_LIST =
    (SID_DESC =
      (ORACLE_HOME = /home/oracle/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/dbhome_2)
      (SID_NAME = orcl)
    )
  )
[oracle@dgaskmpri01 admin]$ cat tnsnames.ora
orcl =
  (DESCRIPTION =
    (ADDRESS = (PROTOCOL = TCP)(HOST = dgaskmpri01.localdomain)(PORT = 1525))
    (CONNECT_DATA =
      (SERVER = DEDICATED)
      (SID=orcl)
    )
  )

sbyorcl =
  (DESCRIPTION =
    (ADDRESS = (PROTOCOL = TCP)(HOST = dgaskmsby01.localdomain)(PORT = 1525))
    (CONNECT_DATA =
      (SERVER = DEDICATED)
      (SID=sbyorcl)
    )
  )
[oracle@dgaskmpri01 admin]$

7.      Copy init.ora and password files to Standby Server:
Create a temporary directory(/tmp/askm) on standby server and copy initsbyorcl.ora and password file(orapwsbyorcl) from primary server to standby server.



Standby Site Preparation :

1.      Create a remote login password file ( if it is not copied from primary site )
Copy the password file /tmp/askm/orapwsbyorcl to $ORACLE_HOME/dbs

2.      Create a directory structure
If you are using a different directory structure on the standby server, they you need to create all the directories on the standby site.
Copy initsbyorcl.ora to $ORACLE_HOME/dbs location.

[oracle@dgaskmsby01]$ mkdir /home/oracle/app/oracle/oradata/sbyorcl/
[oracle@dgaskmsby01]$ mkdir /home/oracle/app/oracle/flash_recovery_area/sbyorcl/
[oracle@dgaskmsby01]$ cd $ORACLE_HOME/dbs
[oracle@dgaskmsby01 sbyorcl]$ cp /tmp/askm/initsbyorcl.ora $ORACLE_HOME/dbs


3.      Modify the init.ora parameter file (Optional) :
Modify the initsbyorcl.ora file to reflect the following initialization parameters. This step is optional if you are specifying the required init.ora parameter in the RMAN duplication command.

DB_NAME=orcl
DB_UNIQUE_NAME=sbyorcl
LOG_ARCHIVE_CONFIG='DG_CONFIG=(orcl,sbyorcl)'
CONTROL_FILES='/home/oracle/app/oracle/oradata/sbyorcl/s_control01.ctl', '/home/oracle/app/oracle/flash_recovery_area/sbyorcl/s_control02.ctl'
DB_FILE_NAME_CONVERT='orcl','sbyorcl'
LOG_FILE_NAME_CONVERT='/home/oracle/app/oracle/flash_recovery_area/orcl/','/home/oracle/app/oracle/flash_recovery_area/sbyorcl/'
LOG_ARCHIVE_FORMAT=%t_%s_%r.arc
LOG_ARCHIVE_DEST_1='LOCATION=/home/oracle/app/oracle/flash_recovery_area/sbyorcl/ VALID_FOR=(ALL_LOGFILES,ALL_ROLES) DB_UNIQUE_NAME=sbyorcl'
LOG_ARCHIVE_DEST_2='SERVICE=orcl ASYNC VALID_FOR=(ONLINE_LOGFILES,PRIMARY_ROLE) DB_UNIQUE_NAME=orcl'
LOG_ARCHIVE_DEST_STATE_1=ENABLE
LOG_ARCHIVE_DEST_STATE_2=ENABLE
REMOTE_LOGIN_PASSWORDFILE=EXCLUSIVE
STANDBY_FILE_MANAGEMENT=AUTO
FAL_SERVER=orcl


4.      Configure listener.ora and tnsnames.ora:

[oracle@dgaskmsby01 admin]$ cat listener.ora
LISTENER_SBY =
  (DESCRIPTION_LIST =
    (DESCRIPTION =
      (ADDRESS = (PROTOCOL = IPC)(KEY = EXTPROC1525))
    )
    (DESCRIPTION =
      (ADDRESS = (PROTOCOL = TCP)(HOST = dgaskmsby01.localdomain)(PORT = 1525))
    )
  )

SID_LIST_LISTENER_SBY =
  (SID_LIST =
    (SID_DESC =
      (ORACLE_HOME = /home/oracle/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/dbhome_2)
      (SID_NAME = sbyorcl)
    )
  )
[oracle@dgaskmsby01 admin]$ cat tnsnames.ora
orcl =
  (DESCRIPTION =
    (ADDRESS = (PROTOCOL = TCP)(HOST = dgaskmpri01.localdomain)(PORT = 1525))
    (CONNECT_DATA =
      (SERVER = DEDICATED)
      (SID=orcl)
    )
  )

sbyorcl =
  (DESCRIPTION =
    (ADDRESS = (PROTOCOL = TCP)(HOST = dgaskmsby01.localdomain)(PORT = 1525))
    (CONNECT_DATA =
      (SERVER = DEDICATED)
      (SID=sbyorcl)
    )
  )
[oracle@dgaskmsby01 admin]$


5.      Verify connectivity

On Primary Server:
[oracle@dgaskmpri01]$ lsnrctl stop LISTENER_PRI
[oracle@dgaskmpri01]$ lsnrctl start LISTENER_PRI
[oracle@dgaskmpri01]$ tnsping orcl
[oracle@dgaskmpri01]$ tnsping sbyorcl
[oracle@dgaskmpri01]$ sqlplus sys/xxxxx@orcl
[oracle@dgaskmpri01]$ sqlplus sys/xxxxx@sbyorcl

On Standby Server:
[oracle@dgaskmsby01]$ lsnrctl stop LISTENER_SBY
[oracle@dgaskmsby01]$ lsnrctl start LISTENER_SBY
[oracle@dgaskmsby01]$ tnsping orcl
[oracle@dgaskmsby01]$ tnsping sbyorcl
[oracle@dgaskmsby01]$ sqlplus sys/xxxxx@orcl
[oracle@dgaskmsby01]$ sqlplus sys/xxxxx@sbyorcl



Creating Physical Standby Database :

1.      Create Physical Standby Using RMAN Duplication From Active Database (New in 11g) :

[oracle@dgaskmsby01 sbyorcl]$ sqlplus '/as sysdba'

SQL*Plus: Release 11.2.0.2.0 Production on Mon Nov 21 08:53:10 2011

Copyright (c) 1982, 2010, Oracle.  All rights reserved.

Connected to an idle instance.

SQL> startup nomount
ORACLE instance started.

Total System Global Area  456146944 bytes
Fixed Size                  1344840 bytes
Variable Size             322964152 bytes
Database Buffers          125829120 bytes
Redo Buffers                6008832 bytes
SQL>

[oracle@dgaskmpri01 tmp]$ rman target sys/oracle@orcl auxiliary sys/oracle@sbyorcl

Recovery Manager: Release 11.2.0.2.0 - Production on Mon Nov 21 08:55:07 2011

Copyright (c) 1982, 2009, Oracle and/or its affiliates.  All rights reserved.

connected to target database: ORCL (DBID=1229390655)
connected to auxiliary database: ORCL (not mounted)

RMAN> run {
2> allocate channel prmy1 type disk;
3> allocate channel prmy2 type disk;
4> duplicate target database for standby from active database;
5> }

using target database control file instead of recovery catalog
allocated channel: prmy1
channel prmy1: SID=117 device type=DISK

allocated channel: prmy2
channel prmy2: SID=82 device type=DISK

Starting Duplicate Db at 21-NOV-11
released channel: prmy1
released channel: prmy2
RMAN-00571: =========================================================
RMAN-00569: =============== ERROR MESSAGE STACK FOLLOWS ===========
RMAN-00571: =========================================================
RMAN-03002: failure of Duplicate Db command at 11/21/2011 08:58:23
RMAN-05501: aborting duplication of target database
RMAN-05503: at least one auxiliary channel must be allocated to execute this command

RMAN> run {
2> allocate channel prmy1 type disk;
3> allocate auxiliary channel stby type disk;
4> duplicate target database for standby from active database;
5> }

allocated channel: prmy1
channel prmy1: SID=117 device type=DISK

allocated channel: stby
channel stby: SID=21 device type=DISK

Starting Duplicate Db at 21-NOV-11

contents of Memory Script:
{
   backup as copy reuse
   targetfile  '/home/oracle/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/dbhome_2/dbs/orapworcl' auxiliary format
 '/home/oracle/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/dbhome_2/dbs/orapwsbyorcl'   ;
}
executing Memory Script

Starting backup at 21-NOV-11
Finished backup at 21-NOV-11

contents of Memory Script:
{
   backup as copy current controlfile for standby auxiliary format  '/home/oracle/app/oracle/oradata/sbyorcl/s_control01.ctl';
   restore clone controlfile to  '/home/oracle/app/oracle/flash_recovery_area/sbyorcl/s_control02.ctl' from
 '/home/oracle/app/oracle/oradata/sbyorcl/s_control01.ctl';
}
executing Memory Script

Starting backup at 21-NOV-11
channel prmy1: starting datafile copy
copying standby control file
output file name=/home/oracle/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/dbhome_2/dbs/snapcf_orcl.f tag=TAG20111121T090020 RECID=3 STAMP=767782824
channel prmy1: datafile copy complete, elapsed time: 00:00:07
Finished backup at 21-NOV-11

Starting restore at 21-NOV-11

channel stby: copied control file copy
Finished restore at 21-NOV-11

contents of Memory Script:
{
   sql clone 'alter database mount standby database';
}
executing Memory Script

sql statement: alter database mount standby database

contents of Memory Script:
{
   set newname for tempfile  1 to
 "/home/oracle/app/oracle/oradata/sbyorcl/temp01.dbf";
   switch clone tempfile all;
   set newname for datafile  1 to
 "/home/oracle/app/oracle/oradata/sbyorcl/system01.dbf";
   set newname for datafile  2 to
 "/home/oracle/app/oracle/oradata/sbyorcl/sysaux01.dbf";
   set newname for datafile  3 to
 "/home/oracle/app/oracle/oradata/sbyorcl/undotbs01.dbf";
   set newname for datafile  4 to
 "/home/oracle/app/oracle/oradata/sbyorcl/users01.dbf";
   set newname for datafile  5 to
 "/home/oracle/app/oracle/oradata/sbyorcl/example01.dbf";
   set newname for datafile  6 to
 "/home/oracle/app/oracle/oradata/sbyorcl/APEX_1246426611663638.dbf";
   set newname for datafile  7 to
 "/home/oracle/app/oracle/oradata/sbyorcl/APEX_1265209995679366.dbf";
   backup as copy reuse
   datafile  1 auxiliary format
 "/home/oracle/app/oracle/oradata/sbyorcl/system01.dbf"   datafile
 2 auxiliary format
 "/home/oracle/app/oracle/oradata/sbyorcl/sysaux01.dbf"   datafile
 3 auxiliary format
 "/home/oracle/app/oracle/oradata/sbyorcl/undotbs01.dbf"   datafile
 4 auxiliary format
 "/home/oracle/app/oracle/oradata/sbyorcl/users01.dbf"   datafile
 5 auxiliary format
 "/home/oracle/app/oracle/oradata/sbyorcl/example01.dbf"   datafile
 6 auxiliary format
 "/home/oracle/app/oracle/oradata/sbyorcl/APEX_1246426611663638.dbf"   datafile
 7 auxiliary format
 "/home/oracle/app/oracle/oradata/sbyorcl/APEX_1265209995679366.dbf"   ;
   sql 'alter system archive log current';
}
executing Memory Script

executing command: SET NEWNAME

renamed tempfile 1 to /home/oracle/app/oracle/oradata/sbyorcl/temp01.dbf in control file

executing command: SET NEWNAME

executing command: SET NEWNAME

executing command: SET NEWNAME

executing command: SET NEWNAME

executing command: SET NEWNAME

executing command: SET NEWNAME

executing command: SET NEWNAME

Starting backup at 21-NOV-11
channel prmy1: starting datafile copy
input datafile file number=00002 name=/home/oracle/app/oracle/oradata/orcl/sysaux01.dbf
output file name=/home/oracle/app/oracle/oradata/sbyorcl/sysaux01.dbf tag=TAG20111121T090043
channel prmy1: datafile copy complete, elapsed time: 00:06:00
channel prmy1: starting datafile copy
input datafile file number=00001 name=/home/oracle/app/oracle/oradata/orcl/system01.dbf
output file name=/home/oracle/app/oracle/oradata/sbyorcl/system01.dbf tag=TAG20111121T090043
channel prmy1: datafile copy complete, elapsed time: 00:07:12
channel prmy1: starting datafile copy
input datafile file number=00004 name=/home/oracle/app/oracle/oradata/orcl/users01.dbf
output file name=/home/oracle/app/oracle/oradata/sbyorcl/users01.dbf tag=TAG20111121T090043
channel prmy1: datafile copy complete, elapsed time: 00:02:03
channel prmy1: starting datafile copy
input datafile file number=00003 name=/home/oracle/app/oracle/oradata/orcl/undotbs01.dbf
output file name=/home/oracle/app/oracle/oradata/sbyorcl/undotbs01.dbf tag=TAG20111121T090043
channel prmy1: datafile copy complete, elapsed time: 00:01:23
channel prmy1: starting datafile copy
input datafile file number=00005 name=/home/oracle/app/oracle/oradata/orcl/example01.dbf
output file name=/home/oracle/app/oracle/oradata/sbyorcl/example01.dbf tag=TAG20111121T090043
channel prmy1: datafile copy complete, elapsed time: 00:00:54
channel prmy1: starting datafile copy
input datafile file number=00007 name=/home/oracle/app/oracle/oradata/orcl/APEX_1265209995679366.dbf
output file name=/home/oracle/app/oracle/oradata/sbyorcl/APEX_1265209995679366.dbf tag=TAG20111121T090043
channel prmy1: datafile copy complete, elapsed time: 00:00:17
channel prmy1: starting datafile copy
input datafile file number=00006 name=/home/oracle/app/oracle/oradata/orcl/APEX_1246426611663638.dbf
output file name=/home/oracle/app/oracle/oradata/sbyorcl/APEX_1246426611663638.dbf tag=TAG20111121T090043
channel prmy1: datafile copy complete, elapsed time: 00:00:08
Finished backup at 21-NOV-11

sql statement: alter system archive log current

contents of Memory Script:
{
   switch clone datafile all;
}
executing Memory Script

datafile 1 switched to datafile copy
input datafile copy RECID=3 STAMP=767783912 file name=/home/oracle/app/oracle/oradata/sbyorcl/system01.dbf
datafile 2 switched to datafile copy
input datafile copy RECID=4 STAMP=767783912 file name=/home/oracle/app/oracle/oradata/sbyorcl/sysaux01.dbf
datafile 3 switched to datafile copy
input datafile copy RECID=5 STAMP=767783913 file name=/home/oracle/app/oracle/oradata/sbyorcl/undotbs01.dbf
datafile 4 switched to datafile copy
input datafile copy RECID=6 STAMP=767783913 file name=/home/oracle/app/oracle/oradata/sbyorcl/users01.dbf
datafile 5 switched to datafile copy
input datafile copy RECID=7 STAMP=767783913 file name=/home/oracle/app/oracle/oradata/sbyorcl/example01.dbf
datafile 6 switched to datafile copy
input datafile copy RECID=8 STAMP=767783913 file name=/home/oracle/app/oracle/oradata/sbyorcl/APEX_1246426611663638.dbf
datafile 7 switched to datafile copy
input datafile copy RECID=9 STAMP=767783913 file name=/home/oracle/app/oracle/oradata/sbyorcl/APEX_1265209995679366.dbf
ORACLE error from auxiliary database: ORA-01511: error in renaming log/data files
ORA-01275: Operation RENAME is not allowed if standby file management is automatic.

RMAN-05535: WARNING: All redo log files were not defined properly.
ORACLE error from auxiliary database: ORA-01511: error in renaming log/data files
ORA-01275: Operation RENAME is not allowed if standby file management is automatic.

RMAN-05535: WARNING: All redo log files were not defined properly.
ORACLE error from auxiliary database: ORA-01511: error in renaming log/data files
ORA-01275: Operation RENAME is not allowed if standby file management is automatic.

RMAN-05535: WARNING: All redo log files were not defined properly.
ORACLE error from auxiliary database: ORA-01511: error in renaming log/data files
ORA-01275: Operation RENAME is not allowed if standby file management is automatic.

RMAN-05535: WARNING: All redo log files were not defined properly.
ORACLE error from auxiliary database: ORA-01511: error in renaming log/data files
ORA-01275: Operation RENAME is not allowed if standby file management is automatic.

RMAN-05535: WARNING: All redo log files were not defined properly.
ORACLE error from auxiliary database: ORA-01511: error in renaming log/data files
ORA-01275: Operation RENAME is not allowed if standby file management is automatic.

RMAN-05535: WARNING: All redo log files were not defined properly.
ORACLE error from auxiliary database: ORA-01511: error in renaming log/data files
ORA-01275: Operation RENAME is not allowed if standby file management is automatic.

RMAN-05535: WARNING: All redo log files were not defined properly.
Finished Duplicate Db at 21-NOV-11
released channel: prmy1
released channel: stby

RMAN>

NOTE : These warnings can be ignored as these are due to the initialization parameter STANDBY_FILE_MANAGEMENT is set to AUTO.


2.      Keep it in recovery:

[oracle@dgaskmsby01 sbyorcl]$ sqlplus '/as sysdba'

SQL*Plus: Release 11.2.0.2.0 Production on Mon Nov 21 09:19:27 2011

Copyright (c) 1982, 2010, Oracle.  All rights reserved.


Connected to:
Oracle Database 11g Enterprise Edition Release 11.2.0.2.0 - Production
With the Partitioning, OLAP, Data Mining and Real Application Testing options

SQL> ALTER DATABASE RECOVER MANAGED STANDBY DATABASE USING CURRENT LOGFILE DISCONNECT FROM SESSION;

Database altered.

SQL> select database_role,switchover_status from v$database;

DATABASE_ROLE    SWITCHOVER_STATUS
---------------- --------------------
PHYSICAL STANDBY NOT ALLOWED

SQL> SELECT SEQUENCE#,APPLIED FROM V$ARCHIVED_LOG ORDER BY SEQUENCE#;

 SEQUENCE# APPLIED
---------- ---------
       517 YES
       518 YES
       519 IN-MEMORY

SQL> archive log list;
Database log mode              Archive Mode
Automatic archival             Enabled
Archive destination            /home/oracle/app/oracle/flash_recovery_area/sbyorcl/
Oldest online log sequence     515
Next log sequence to archive   0
Current log sequence           520
SQL>



Verifications :

On Standby:
SELECT SEQUENCE#, FIRST_TIME, NEXT_TIME FROM V$ARCHIVED_LOG ORDER BY SEQUENCE#;
SQL> select database_role,switchover_status from v$database;
DATABASE_ROLE    SWITCHOVER_STATUS
---------------- --------------------
PHYSICAL STANDBY NOT ALLOWED

SQL> SELECT SEQUENCE#,APPLIED FROM V$ARCHIVED_LOG ORDER BY SEQUENCE#;
SEQUENCE# APPLIED
---------- ---------
       517 YES
       518 YES
       519 IN-MEMORY

SQL> archive log list;
Database log mode              Archive Mode
Automatic archival             Enabled
Archive destination            /home/oracle/app/oracle/flash_recovery_area/sbyorcl/
Oldest online log sequence     515
Next log sequence to archive   0
Current log sequence           520
SQL>


On Primary :
Do some redo log switches
SQL> ALTER SYSTEM SWITCH LOGFILE;
[oracle@dgaskmpri01 tmp]$ sqlplus '/as sysdba'
SQL*Plus: Release 11.2.0.2.0 Production on Mon Nov 21 09:21:23 2011
Copyright (c) 1982, 2010, Oracle.  All rights reserved.

Connected to:
Oracle Database 11g Enterprise Edition Release 11.2.0.2.0 - Production
With the Partitioning, OLAP, Data Mining and Real Application Testing options

SQL> archive log list
Database log mode              Archive Mode
Automatic archival             Enabled
Archive destination            /home/oracle/app/oracle/flash_recovery_area/orcl/
Oldest online log sequence     518
Next log sequence to archive   520
Current log sequence           520
SQL> alter system switch logfile;

System altered.
SQL> archive log list
Database log mode              Archive Mode
Automatic archival             Enabled
Archive destination            /home/oracle/app/oracle/flash_recovery_area/orcl/
Oldest online log sequence     519
Next log sequence to archive   521
Current log sequence           521
SQL> select database_role,switchover_status from v$database;

DATABASE_ROLE    SWITCHOVER_STATUS
---------------- --------------------
PRIMARY          TO STANDBY

SQL>

On Standby:
 Verify that the recent archived log file is shifted to standby side and applied with the following commands.
SQL> SELECT SEQUENCE#, FIRST_TIME, NEXT_TIME FROM V$ARCHIVED_LOG ORDER BY SEQUENCE#;
SQL> SELECT SEQUENCE#,APPLIED FROM V$ARCHIVED_LOG ORDER BY SEQUENCE#;
SQL> SELECT SEQUENCE#,APPLIED FROM V$ARCHIVED_LOG ORDER BY SEQUENCE#;
SEQUENCE# APPLIED
---------- ---------
       517 YES
       518 YES
       519 YES
       520 IN-MEMORY

SQL> archive log list;
Database log mode              Archive Mode
Automatic archival             Enabled
Archive destination            /home/oracle/app/oracle/flash_recovery_area/sbyorcl/
Oldest online log sequence     519
Next log sequence to archive   0
Current log sequence           521
SQL>


Other Useful Information:
To verify all the init.ora parameter in a single command:
egrep -i
"DB_NAME|DB_UNIQUE_NAME|LOG_ARCHIVE_CONFIG|CONTROL_FILES|LOG_ARCHIVE_DEST_1|LOG_ARCHIVE_DEST_2|
LOG_ARCHIVE_DEST_STATE_1|LOG_ARCHIVE_DEST_STATE_2|REMOTE_LOGIN_PASSWORDFILE|LOG_ARCHIVE_FORMAT|
LOG_ARCHIVE_MAX_PROCESSES|FAL_SERVER|DB_FILE_NAME_CONVERT|LOG_FILE_NAME_CONVERT|
STANDBY_FILE_MANAGEMENT" <specify init.ora parameter file>

To Cancel the Standby Recovery Mode:
ALTER DATABASE RECOVER MANAGED STANDBY DATABASE CANCEL;

Useful commands To Troubleshoot:
select message from v$dataguard_status where dest_id = 2;
select archived_thread#, archived_seq#, applied_thread#, applied_seq# from v$archive_dest_status;
select registrar, creator, thread#, sequence#, first_change#, next_change# from v$archived_log;
select thread#, sequence#, first_change#, next_change# from v$log_history;

To Verify Recover Process On Standby:
select thread#, sequence# from v$log where status='CURRENT';  = >  On Primary
select thread#, sequence#, status from v$managed_standby where process='MRP0'; = > On Standby

References :
Step by Step Guide on Creating Physical Standby Using RMAN DUPLICATE...FROM ACTIVE DATABASE [ID 1075908.1]

Hope It Helps
SRI
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+ comments + 3 comments

[...] Creating Physical Standby Database With RMAN Duplicate From Active Database [...]

May 13, 2013 at 9:39 AM

hi srikrishna.
excellent document.i followed to created standby databaase.the same steps i followed.the error we got for redolog files.can we create redologfiles manually on standby by copying it.and also i am unable to see my archived log files on stdby database.in the init.ora paramter i gave the wrong destination.is it possible to copy all the archive log file to stdby destination.and with rman can we register those.in order for rman to identify.

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