Home » , , , , » Oracle Database 18c Simple Installation

Oracle Database 18c Simple Installation

Written By Srikrishna Murthy Annam on Friday, September 7, 2018 | 7:28 PM

In this article, we will see how to install Oracle Database 18c. Oracle made it very easy to install database on linux platform over the time. Earlier we used to install all required rpms one by one and then complete all the OS configurations to prepare Linux OS for installing Oracle Database. Now we can just install a pre packaged rpm which takes care of all the pre-requisites for installing Oracle Database. This method is simple and easy installation of Oracle Database. For a detailed steps to complete the pre-requisite, refer the Oracle Documentation Linux Installation.
  1. Hardware Requirements
  2. Completing Pre-requisites
  3. Installing Oracle Database
  4. Post installation tasks
  5. References
We are using Linux-7 for this installation. The same procedure holds good for Linux-6 too.

1. Hardware Requirements :

Memory  :  2 GB (min )
Disk Space : 15GB (min) – Includes Oracle Database Software Files and Oracle Datafiles.
pre-checks1

2. Completing Pre-Requisites :

Update the /etc/hosts file with the hostname information in the following format.
192.168.1.251   askm18c.askmlabs.com  askm18c
Install the Oracle Preinstallation RPM as root user using the following command….
[root@askm18c ~]# yum install oracle-database-preinstall-18c

Use the following command to check if the RPM is installed….
rpm -qa | grep -i oracle-database-preinstall-18c
pre-checks2
Some documents specify to create inventory directory before installation. This step is optional. The inventory directory is created automatically as part of installation. It chooses the default location of /u01/app/oraInventory.

Make sure you have appropriate user and groups created. Oracle suggests to use  oracle user for database installation and oinstall and dba as groups.

[root@askm18c default]# grep oinstall /etc/group
oinstall:x:54321:oracle
[root@askm18c default]# id oracle
uid=54321(oracle) gid=54321(oinstall) groups=54321(oinstall),54322(dba),54323(oper),54324(backupdba),54325(dgdba),54326(kmdba),54330(racdba)
[root@askm18c default]#

Create required ORACLE_HOME directory.

[root@askm18c u01]# ls -ld /u01
drwxr-xr-x. 3 root root 4096 Aug 12 02:23 /u01
[root@askm18c u01]# chown -R oracle:oinstall /u01
[root@askm18c u01]# mkdir -p /u01/app/oracle/product/18.0.0/dbhome_1
[root@askm18c u01]#
[root@askm18c u01]# cd /u01/app/oracle/product/18.0.0/dbhome_1
[root@askm18c u01]# chown -R oracle:oinstall /u01
[root@askm18c u01]# su - oracle
Last login: Sun Aug 12 02:47:48 EDT 2018 from 192.168.1.251 on pts/2
[oracle@askm18c ~]$ cd /u01/app/oracle/product/18.0.0/dbhome_1
[oracle@askm18c dbhome_1]$

3. Installing Oracle Database :

Unzip the software to the ORACLE_HOME location. One important note, from Oracle Database 18c, installation and configuration of Oracle Database software is simplified with image-based installation. You must extract the image software  into the directory where you want your Oracle Database home to be located, and then run the Oracle Database Setup Wizard to start the Oracle Database installation and configuration.


[oracle@askm18c dbhome_1]$
[oracle@askm18c dbhome_1]$ unzip /mnt/software/Database/Oracle_Database_18.0.0.0.0_sw/V978967-01.zip

[oracle@askm18c dbhome_1]$ ./runInstaller

Oracle Database 18c InstallationOracle Database 18c Installation
Oracle Database 18c InstallationOracle Database 18c InstallationOracle Database 18c InstallationOracle Database 18c InstallationOracle Database 18c InstallationOracle Database 18c InstallationOracle Database 18c InstallationOracle Database 18c InstallationOracle Database 18c InstallationOracle Database 18c InstallationOracle Database 18c InstallationOracle Database 18c InstallationOracle Database 18c InstallationOracle Database 18c InstallationOracle Database 18c InstallationOracle Database 18c InstallationOracle Database 18c InstallationOracle Database 18c InstallationOracle Database 18c Installation

Run the following scripts as root user …
/u01/app/oraInventory/orainstRoot.sh
/u01/app/oracle/product/18.0.0/dbhome_1/root.sh

Oracle Database 18c InstallationOracle Database 18c Installation

4. Post Installation Tasks :

Verify the status of the database
[oracle@askm18c dbhome_1]$ export ORACLE_HOME=/u01/app/oracle/product/18.0.0/dbhome_1
[oracle@askm18c dbhome_1]$ export ORACLE_SID=db18c
[oracle@askm18c dbhome_1]$ export PATH=$PATH:$ORACLE_HOME/bin
[oracle@askm18c admin]$ lsnrctl status listener


[oracle@askm18c dbhome_1]$ sqlplus '/as sysdba'
SQL> select instance_name,status from v$instance;


Before accessing the Oracle Database Express, verify the configuration. With the following command, it should return the port number. This port number is used to access the Oracle Database Express console. If you have not configured Database Express as part of the installation, you can configure the express console later. Please follow the <Place Holder> to configure database express after completing the database installation.

SQL> select dbms_xdb_config.gethttpsport() from dual;

database express console

If there is any problem accessing the console, verify that the firewall port is open to access the console. Check disabling the firewall using the following command.

[root@askm18c ~]# systemctl start iptables
[root@askm18c ~]# systemctl stop iptables
[root@askm18c ~]# systemctl status iptables

[root@askm18c ~]# systemctl disable iptables
[root@askm18c ~]#


Verify the inventory is created.
[root@askm18c ~]# ls -lrt /etc/oratab
-rw-rw-r--. 1 oracle oinstall 789 Aug 12 03:11 /etc/oratab
[root@askm18c ~]# ls -lrt /etc/oraInst.loc
-rw-r--r--. 1 root root 56 Aug 12 03:09 /etc/oraInst.loc
[root@askm18c ~]# cat /etc/oraInst.loc
inventory_loc=/u01/app/oraInventory
inst_group=oinstall
[root@askm18c ~]#

5. Reference :


Hope this article helps you.
Share this article :

Related Articles By Category



Post a Comment

Thank you for visiting our site and leaving your valuable comment.

 
Support :
Copyright © 2013. askMLabs - All Rights Reserved
Proudly powered by Blogger